AboutOceanAdapt is a collaboration between the Pinsky Lab of Rutgers University and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) to provide information about the impacts of changing climate and other factors on the distribution of marine life to the National Climate Assessment, fisheries communities, policymakers, and to others. This website hosts an annually updated database of scientific surveys in the United States and provides tools for exploring changes in marine fish and invertebrate distributions. We are continually working to expand the site with new data and visualization tools.
- October 2014: Website live! Data support the goals of the National Fish Wildlife and Plant Climate Adaptation Strategy, contribute to the U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit, and augment the National Climate Indicators System
- September 2015: Data updated through 2014 in most regions. Blog posts added.
- March 2016: More blog posts
- June 2016: Animations of species distributions added
- August 2016: OceanAdapt data included in EPA Climate Indicators report
- November 2016: OceanAdapt data have been used by projects of the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission, the South Atlantic Fisheries Management Council, the Mid-Atlantic Fisheries Management Council, and the Gulf of Mexico Fisheries Management Council. The data also contributed to the first climate-change vulnerability assessment by the National Marine Fisheries Service, and to the Mid-Atlantic Regional Ocean Action Plan.
- February 2017: Latest data update (data now through 2015 in most regions). Overhaul of database back-end completed.
What's To Come?We are continuing to add new tools, data sets, and other content to this website. Please check back often as we expand. Our plans for the coming months include:
- * Projections of species distributions over the 21st century
DetailsThe distributions of fish and invertebrate populations are routinely monitored by NMFS and other agencies during bottom trawl surveys on the continental shelves of North America. These surveys provide core information for use in fisheries management and extend back two to five decades. For the indicators displayed on this website, a mean location (the centroid) is calculated for each species in each year of each survey, after the surveys have been standardized to a consistent spatial footprint through time. The centroid is the mean latitude and mean depth of catch in the survey, weighted by biomass.
For the regional and national indices, the first year is standardized to a value of zero and changes are then averaged across species in a region. Only regions with consistent survey methods and without coastlines that would prevent poleward shifts in distribution are included in the national average (currently Eastern Bering Sea and Northeast U.S. Spring). Only species caught every year are analyzed to prevent changes in species composition from affecting the indicator. The indicator begins in the first year that data are available from the focal regions.
The basic analyses and data are described in Pinsky, M. L., B. Worm, M. J. Fogarty, J. L. Sarmiento, and S. A. Levin. 2013. Marine taxa track local climate velocities. Science 341: 1239-1242 doi: 10.1126/science.1239352
Data contributors to this website include:
- NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center Spring and Fall Bottom Trawl Surveys
- NOAA Northwest Fisheries Science Center U.S. West Coast Groundfish Bottom Trawl Survey
- NOAA Alaska Fisheries Science Center Groundfish Assessment Program surveys
- Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission SEAMAP Groundfish Surveys
- Southeast Area Monitoring and Assessment Program - South Atlantic
Users may want to consult the original data sources for the latest updates and revisions.
Note that the script for these calculations is also available (written for R). Development version of the script available on GitHub.
Fair Use PolicyAll of the data underlying these analyses are available for download, including spatially georeferenced catches from more than fifty thousand bottom trawl tows in six regions of the U.S. Please notify us through the online form when you download the data, as this helps us justify maintaining the database as a community resource.
As part of our Fair Use Policy, please:
- Notify us if you are preparing a manuscript using information from the OceanAdapt database (also helps justify funding).
- Coordinate your research efforts with others using the database by joining existing papers where efforts overlap (contact us if you want to check on potential overlap). If the database is particularly crucial to your research, please consider offering database developers and their colleagues an opportunity to become involved as co-authors.
- In primary publications using data from the database, please cite Pinsky et al. 2013. Marine taxa track local climate velocities. Science 341: 1239-1242 doi: 10.1126/science.1239352, as well as the original data sources.
For more information about this site or the data used, please contact:
MALIN PINSKY, Ph.D.
Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Natural Recources
Institute of Earth, Oceans, and Atmospheric Sciences
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
14 College Farm Road
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
Developed with the support of the
Cooperative Institute for the North Atlantic Region (CINAR) and the NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)